Power quality has risen up as one of, if not the most important factors when discussing electrical supply at large. As one may already know, this quality of electrical energy mostly refers to considerations for voltage, frequency, and waveform. So, what is the entire predicament that essentially guides the deviations from it? Power Quality Management is an inherently standard affair, and it generally considers any electrical outlet and the load that is usually associated with it. However, it’s a very real-life occurrence that no power source in real life works perfectly always, and this form of management actually deviates in some certain ways.
Deviations in Voltage
Peak or RMS voltage is greatly important in accordance with the equipment that runs upon it. Thus, variations across both such parameters. At a time when the RMS voltage deviates to almost 10-80% of the original mark for a half cycle in a minute, it’s generally referred to as a ‘swell’. A ‘dip’ or ‘sag’ is the complete opposite of it where the RMS voltage variations tend to be below the nominal amount of required voltage within the range of 10-90% of the same in terms of half a cycle in a minute. There’s also the random or repetitive variations, which one would recognize as being a ‘flicker’, which is certainly a case that is still being resolved to this very day. Obviously, there are many more aspects of the issues that exist across deviations in voltage, and in every innovation or development that is being made; management of power quality remains a consequential factor at large.
Frequency is connected to the entire predicament of electrical supply even at its most basic stage since they exist in terms of facilitating a wave nature. A variation in frequency is obviously one of the most prominent factors that actually exist, but it’s not the only type of variance as it’s not the case across any particular dimension of electricity at large. There is the case of non-zero low-frequency impedance, which happens when a particular load is drawing more power than usual, leading to a significant drop in voltage. Others include non-zero high-frequency impedance, as well as variations in a wave shape, all of which require essential utilization of power quality management.
It’s alluded to the frequency deviation, but the waveform is a quantity in its own right when it comes to measuring the proper quality of electrical supply. The oscillation of voltage, for instance, follows alternating sine and cosine functions, which, however, almost always have an imperfection in the nature and quantity of loads at large. Distortions across multiple installations across electrical supply are also a major happenstance and are most commonly related to oscillations and harmonics. Total Harmonic Distortion (THD), as well as low harmonic content, is all-natural results that are forms of deviances.
Thus, the entire field of Power Quality Management has enough forms and availabilities for people and organizations in the industry to focus upon. Through the application of innovation and development over the past manifestations can very well result in the maximum possible achievement, but the ideal circumstance of electrical supply is something that remains woefully out of grasp.
The term ‘Federal Panel’ is actually derived from the Federal Pacific Electric Company who were the dominant manufacturers of circuit breaker panels throughout the 1950s-60s.
Their standard was tested to be the highest, and millions of their products were installed at homes, commercial spaces, and industrial facilities. However, things weren’t alright, as the predicament soon resulted in a significant rise in reports over the years.
So, what was the problem? As years passed by, electricians and inspectors found that the failure was across the panels themselves degrade in their performance state over the years.
Now, Federal Panels mostly refer to the standard that should not be attained in terms of long-running. These may work completely fine for years, but a single case of overload and short circuits could lead to all possible disadvantages coming to the forefront.
The Features that need to be attained for Electrical Control Panels
Frankly speaking, panels at large do more than just circuit breaking nowadays. Industrial-grade Electrical Control Panel speaks volumes of what complete control of electric supply actually should be- a constant yet variable flow of energy that drives almost every imaginable function there can possibly be.
Difference in Measurement
It’s safe to say that the electric power supply has got a lot of manifestations in terms of measurement.
These mostly indicated some specific domain and aspect of function, which can test quality, amount, and all other forms of elemental qualities that are both consequential and important.
Programmable Current Transformer
It’s a significantly essential part of properly managing the flow of electrical supply that there’s an effective transition from a particular CT state to another.
Electrical Control Panel now can be programmed up to the level of currents they can manage, and through differentiation of CT across primary and secondary domains, all of it becomes quite essential and plausible.
Accuracy is also one of the most important factors that can result in them not becoming ‘Federal’ under any sense of meaning. This was not present in the past, which significantly indicates what the entire predicament actually represents.
Therefore, it’s notable that all possible factors that can define a particular Federal Panel needs to be addressed and resolved through effective means, which is the case for development across the board. These shall make the entire use of electrical power and energy-efficient, safe and applicable across a wide range of systems.
There is a huge demand for energy-efficient products in the market. These products actually reduce the running cost and the maintenance cost of an organization. Some examples of the energy-efficient products are as follows.
- Industrial Plug and Sockets
- Power Factor Correction Products
- Power Quality Products
- Metering Systems
Let’s discuss them one-by-one.
Industrial Plug and Sockets
There are several sections in this type of products. Such as
❏ Surface Mounting Plugs and Sockets
❏ Surface Mounting with Inter Locking Plugs and Sockets
❏ Panel Mounting Plugs and Sockets
❏ GT Connector Plugs and Sockets
❏ Surface Mounting with MCB Plugs and Sockets
❏ Domestic/Industrial AC Outlets
❏ Schuko Plugs and Sockets
❏ Variabox Plugs and Sockets
❏ Maddox and Junction Box Plugs and Sockets
Power Factor Correction Products
There are several products in this section
❏ Power Factor Controllers
❏ Power Factor Improvement Products
Power Quality Products
There are several types of products available in this category. They are
❏ Power Factor Compensators
❏ Hybrid Filters
❏ Active Harmonic Filters
❏ Passive Harmonic Filters
There are different types of products available in this category. They are
❏ V/I/F Meters
❏ VIF Meters
❏ Power Analyzers
❏ Multi-Source Tariff Meters
What is the need of these energy-efficient power products?
Due to modernization, there is a great need for introducing more products in the industry that reduces the energy consumption to save energy for the future and make things environment-friendly. These energy-saving products are not only a boon for the environment but also saves a lot of overall expenditure and running cost. Let me brief them here.
Reasons Using the Energy Saving Power Products
This is the main cause as we are now at an age of saving our environment at any cost. There is no space at all anymore to waste energy like how we used to do it earlier. Gradually, the entire word must shift towards the energy-saving product usages instead of using high energy-consuming machines and utilities.
The energy-efficient power products consume less energy and power supply which in turn reduces the amount of heat produced. Thus it is one of the noblest steps towards the prevention of greenhouse effect and global warming.
So, we all must start using economical power products in order to save the earth.
Saves Electricity Cost
These products consume very less energy, thus making the operational cost finance-friendly. In today’s age, fuel and electricity costs have become extremely high. So, in order to reduce the running expenses, organization must start implementing the use of these environment-friendly, energy-efficient power products.
These products are very easily implemented at any place where there is no such heavy power sources available. So, the organizations using these power saving products can reduce the running costs a lot. Within that same cost, they can hire more employees. In this way, it is creating more opportunities or jobs to many people. The companies also get many benefits. They can focus mainly on the enhancement of business growth and making things more productive.
Now, it’s time to start something new, something incredible. It’s time to shift from the high energy-consuming products to start using energy-saving products. Let us save energy, let’s save the world.
The necessity for proper and function-specific electrical connections is as primal as they possibly can be. But, across the male female sockets there are some factors at play that needs satisfaction with respect to some commonalities.
If such a focus is not present, then there might be many unsolicited and negative consequences. It can be financial, or something even worse- a condition that is just tolerated for the time being whilst ignoring all potential dangers and threats.
As a result, the following factors must be exceptionally satisfied if you’re deciding to commit upon the product of these sockets.
The purpose of use
This is one of the primary points to be focused upon. But, neophytes tend to ignore the fact far too common, resulting in a solution that is either overdone or something completely opposite.
Therefore, you should focus upon the specific objective of your use, as well as all the overall specification required to that end.
The standard of protection offered
Electrical equipment of any kind requires protection assurance across the board. That’s exactly why the international standard is known Ingress Protection (IP) actually exists and considering sockets being, in essence, electrical enclosures of varying types, must carry such standard specification.
IP 65 Enclosures are perhaps the most failsafe and commonplace as it’s assured to be completely ‘dust tight’, meaning that they are completely impervious to particulate matter of even the smallest size, and can effectively protect it’s inside completely even when a water jet is directed to them.
IP 67s are similarly effective against any kind of dust material, but they can properly function without any kind of deviations even when they are completely immersed in water, albeit for a specified time. On the other IP 44 indicates safety from solid objects larger than 1mm, and water splashes from all possible directions.
The mounting you need
The specific variables involved in the mounting of sockets are also important too. You must relate the specific kind of surface, as well as its alignment of whether it’s essentially straightforward, or tilted in some shape or form.
From every perspective, however, it’s essential that you direct focus upon all things, and ensure that installation is as unobtrusive as possible. That alone shall ensure long form use of male female sockets.
The case for power quality management is certainly one of the most critical issues facing not just the industries, but everyone involved in it. It’s related to the wider issues for conservation and proper management of the entire human existence in the 21st century.
However, the greatest impact potential rests upon the occurrence of the situation known as a distributed generation by large scaled power consuming units for companies. And, it can be supposed that LV Switchboards applied across such units can bring a real difference to the question of proper power quality.
What are the main concerns of power quality management?
Managing power quality is mainly focused upon realizing the control, which can effectively extend and present an extremely perfect AC Sine Wave. The nature of this kind of power supply has become a cornerstone of large-scaled, grid-operated power supply in every imaginable way.
They are mostly concerned with such issues as harmonics and distortion, transients, power factor, voltage sags, and dips, as well as instability in current and voltage. It becomes quite evident that control positions across the large scaled distribution of electrical power could be featured as the main signposts of effective management in terms of controlling factors.
What are the considerations to be made across LV Switchboards?
One of the major concerns plaguing any case of power distribution is the factor of effective compatibility, in terms of looking over the package of considerations that generally feature across power distribution in general. It’s usually begun by setting limits upon the emissions upon all the equipment so that there is uniform electromagnetic compatibility all over the board.
Secondly, experts also tend to set specific rules and regulations across the equipment in order to keep all possible data regarding distributed generation remains under control. This is specifically stated as the Point of Common Coupling, which can consider several technical characteristics to properly control, and oversee the distribution of entire electric power.
It can be regarded that above everything else, the case for LV Switchboards acquires a pedestal of discussion and consideration that cannot be ignored anymore. Most of the social fabric requires large organizations churning out immense power on a daily basis to take a step back, and view everything from a more progressive perspective.
It shall never be forgotten that all are responsible for the future, and power quality management certainly presents a highly attractive solution.
Energy is what makes the whole world work. Without it, there could not have been any existence possible would be quite fairly accurate in every way. One of the major concerns in the world today centers the topic of energy conservation itself. After everything else, the resources that have piled upon this earthy are limited, and at some point in the future, they will be completely exhausted. Humans have been able to progress into modern times by utilizing these natural resources in order to effectively control their surrounding environment to their advantage, and consequently transforming it to serve their own advantage. Smart Energy Management is a facilitation of technological solutions that can effectively bring this factor down, resulting in widespread energy conservation in a decided game changer.
What is Smart Energy Management?
Any system that is based upon this strain of technology can be effectively overseen, and controlled in person so that all possible consumption activities are efficient, working in a truly unobtrusive way that might result in some significant losses in energy. This is at the core of the entire concept behind how modern technologies that have been created by humans using natural resources are serving to conserve itself. These services can also be optimized in according to various essential conditions. These may include the size, the frequency and the location of various consumption points involved in an energy supply grid or network.
How can it be truly advantageous in the face of daily widespread consumption?
Any energy management system may also be utilized to analyze energy consumption patterns of specific consumption in accordance to the sources with the help of effective cost centers, as well as various modes of services provided by certain companies in the energy sector. They are, in fact, quite great in serving their innate functions allowing for conservation of a lot of energy consumption across large scale complexes, industrial or otherwise. Smart energy management can also offer solutions by reviewing data to equipment, and services so that there may effective allocation of energy at every turn.
Such a system can be enforced by proper implementation of organizational change for conservation actions, and approaches in any possible way. This is achieved through what is commonly known as the Energy Management Cycle. Just like any other organizational process aspect, they can function on their own allowing companies to not only be efficient in their goals, but also allow for a great deal of support for the entire community and society as well.
One such business is Neptune India, which provides and innovates several products that can serve to this demand end among large scale industries and individuals alike. Smart Energy Management not only helps in the possible cost management that can be used in other more advantageous purposes, but they also help in creating a better for the future generations in a truly effective way about how should the society must treat their surrounding environment.
Electrical networks create high loads which varies the power demand on its supply. Power factor relay known as APFC relay are then, designed to optimize extra power of an application. The Real time display of the relay shows minor effects of electrical disturbance. APFC are used for the improving Power Factor which is helpful in measuring electric consumption & distribution for maximum efficiency. This in turn reduces the harmonic current & expenditure also.
Best APFC Relay in India is designed using advanced technology which is easy to install, where there will not be any problem for over voltages. The efficient relay requires less maintenance & is even bearable. The insulated controller protects the electrical equipment & is long lasting in nature.
The Capacitors are connected/ disconnected automatically with the help of these APFC relay in panels. APFC panels are constructed using capacitors, reactors & harmonic filters so as to save energy. The unblemished equipment with long lasting corroded body makes it more observable. In big factories/ industry, the APFC switches ON / OFF to maintain the power factor. The high power bills from electricity boards face a huge loss of energy due to above reasons.
A number of Best APFC Panel Manufacturer in India installed it in big electrical factories & industries. The equipment can be run without much bothering about its maintenance. It can work easily for more than a decade when good quality capacitors are installed.
The highly sensitive panel by Neptune India meets the modern technical requirements according to national as well as international standards.
Power quality, involves steady voltage flow & frequency within a consistent range. Some electric devices can cause interruptions in flow of current leading in fluctuations. The fluctuations sometimes occurs because of heavy flow of current, which results in Equipment or circuit failure. The problem can also be caused by external sources, maybe at the time of lightning, circuit overloading, or improper wiring. This poor power quality creates hindrance to your business or other important works. This can also lead to overheating of electrical distribution leading to short circuiting.
Power quality is the togetherness of input & output of the current flow that describes electric power that drives an electrical strain and ability to function in a proper manner. Lack of proper power may lead to malfunction, failure of devices prematurely. The electricity in the form of AC power moves through the wiring system of the end user.
Main reasons for poor power quality are:
- Dip in voltage between 10% and 90% due to fault in installation of heavy motors resulting in disconnection & loss of efficiency.
- Interruptions due to insulation protection device failure, lightning etc. This may lead to stoppage of all power equipment’s.
- Variation of the voltage because of Lightning, switching &disconnection of heavy loads. This could lead in destruction of electronic components.
- Harmonic distortions caused due to heavy electric machines generally high efficiency components. This can result in overloading & overheating the system.
- Voltage fluctuations & noise are Though they are not so destructive but can affect home appliances.
Some solutions to overcome this problem are:
- Harmonics: The modulation from AC to DC & vice versa requires some sort of converters such as inverter to capture extra flow of voltage. One best solution for this difficulty is Harmonics. Harmonic mitigation cuts down the extra energy of electrical circuit, improving power factor. They are meant to detect any disturbance in the load current. Harmonic filters are known product to meet the current distortion, making it energy efficient. The technological designing for medium to large load networks are highly reliable & cost effective.
- Grounding: Grounding is one of the most important of the electrical system, prevents static charges to build up. There is a current carrying conductor which limits the voltage potential of the equipment.
- Noise filters: They are used to avoid unwanted voltage signals (noise) from reaching sensitive equipment.
- Voltage restorer: It acts like a voltage source connected with the load.
- UPS: They are designed to provide continuous power to the load in case of interruptions.
Power, the renewable source of energy, where India is third largest producer & consumer of electricity. Being on this ratio, power cuts & other related problems are quite common in the country. After the surplus generation of energy, there are still many underprivileged places. Apart from that, the places where numerous amount of energy is supplied, faces some general issues regarding the flow of voltage.
Power factor is defined as the current absorbed during the load to the current flowing in the circuit. Usually the load with a low power factor draws more current than a load with a high power factor.
Power-factor correction panels increases the power of a load, improving efficiency of flow of current. APFC Panels monitors the power which saves the energy & improves efficiency with effective solutions. Some of advantages of Power factor correction panels are:
- Avoids sanctions for the Low Power Factor
- Limiting the arousing Power Factor
- Decrease in pausing circuitry.
- Enhancing the performance of equipment’s.
- More probability of Life- long assurance of cables & other electrical components.
- Lowering the loss in circuit lines.
- Cut down the cost &energy by saving power.
- The installation & configuration of the device is not complicated.
- The monitoring & accuracy made this device indifferent.
This devicecontrols performance of various electrical appliances offer effective monitor and control performance for various electrical applications. APFC panel manufacturers such as Neptune India has hold- up this charge of these electric obstacles. The panels are cost efficient & in demand in Indian market by various big organizations. More often installation/ configuration of these panels in big factories is highly recommended where the power is the primary tool to run their business. Lack of this primary need, may lead to big losses to all big companies.
Mr. Deepak Kapoor set up Neptune India Pvt. Ltd. in 1989, an organisation offering integrated energy solutions that would help it’s equally environmentally conscious customers to reduce their energy consumption and encourage efficient usage through high quality products and sustainable solutions. More than two decades later, the company has grown and expanded on his vision to offer solutions and products to manage all aspects of energy – Connecting Energy, Distributing Energy, Managing Energy, Saving Energy and Power Quality.